The concept of state in Muqaddimah and Leviathan


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Istanbul Technical University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Siyaset Çalışmaları, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: ERDAL KURGAN

Supervisor: Tuncay Zorlu

Abstract:

Throughout this thesis the understanding of the concept of state of two thinkers examined over their masterpieces books. Ibn Khaldun (in Muqaddimah) conceptualizes the sociality by the Umran. Badavi (rural) Umran and Khadari (urban) Umran are the two branches of the Umran. The Asabiyah includes both of them and yields the State. Ibn Khaldun centers the human along the change/transformation/development way from the rural and nomadic life to civilized and urban life. In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes builds his own philosophy of politics. He starts with the smallest elements of politics (human) and goes through the state. Hobbes start with the defining the human, his passions, emotions, mind, language, thoughts, and willpower. Keywords: Muqaddimah, Leviathan, State, Sovereignty, Umran, Power, Asabiyah, Badavi, Khadari, Human Nature, Natality, State of Nature, Social Contract.