Temporal analysis of Akgol Wetland and Development of its Management Strategy by Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)


Tanık A. G. , Musaoğlu N. (Executive) , Şenol A.

TUBITAK Project, 2017 - 2019

  • Project Type: TUBITAK Project
  • Begin Date: March 2017
  • End Date: March 2019

Project Abstract

Akgöl Wetland, an important wetland of the country lying along the migrating  bird route, located in the Konya Closed Basin has highly diverted from its natural boundaries due to structural activities within its vicinity causing it to dry. Within the Project, scientific contributions were targeted for the rehabilitation of the wetland. The ultimate aim to be achieved was to prepare action plans by developing wetland management strategies in an integrated manner and by accomplishing the requirements of sustainability principle. The conceptual framework was based on developing a management model using information technologies.

 

Within the context of the Project, temporal changes regarding land-use distribution variation within the wetland boundaries covering also the water covered areas were detected and further analysed within years 1954-2018 via air photographs, topographical maps and satellite images. Water holding capacity of underlying soil was investigated via geotechnical methods so as to develop rehabilitation solutions based on soil properties. Besides examining the decrease of water quantity in the wetland, water quality analyses were also conducted by taking water samples at 3 different seasons from various water drainage sites feeding the wetland. The results of all the conducted studies were compiled and outstanding criteria for wetland rehabilitation were determined by applying Analytical Hierarchy Process which is one of the  Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) methods.  As such, action plans based on these criteria were prepared. Moreover, a convenient system accessible through a web server and capable of making queries system was formed. By this Project, a management and a monitoring model for other wetlands of Turkey was developed. This Project has involved a team composed of members from civil, environmental and geomatics engineering disciplines together with providing consultancy service from a forestry engineer. As such, it enabled different perspectives to come together. Two workshops were arranged within the framework of the Project.

 

The first one was realized at the site by the participation of public and other stakeholders of the wetland with the aim of informing the participants on sustainable wetland management and for getting feedback from the local inhabitants. The second one was  organized at the termination stage with the attendance of central  and local authorities to introduce the action plans and to share the findings and the outcomes of the Project. There exists no other project conducted in this specific wetland that aims similar outcomes and that have a multidisciplinary dimension.There will be a  widespread impact of the methodology developed by the Project as it acts as a guide to be used in the rehabilitation of similar other wetlands of the country.