Society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers, pp.42-50, 2001 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Using an ordinary ship in service or a training ship, marine engineer candidates have been trained how to operate and maintain machinery in the engine room to keep duty watch safe. Without doubt, the traditional methods, using ships in service and/or training ships, to provide practical experience have long been recognized as effective training methods by Marine Engineering Institutions. In addition, training method using Engine Room Simulators (ERS) has begun to attract notice for the last decades because of the several advantages over the traditional methods such as the time needed for the training, the efficiency and the cost of maintaining the training equipment. On the other hand, skills and experiences necessary for a qualified marine engineer have also been changing, due to the technological innovation such as remarkable improvements of computerized automatic control systems. Under these situations, the relationship between the training methods and the purpose of a part of training has to be discussed to seek the effective training methods for marine engineers.
In order to consider the matter, the authors, first of all, classified the training methods utilizing STCW’95  by a concept of difference between normal and abnormal conditions in the engine room. Secondly, a comparative study among the training methods, which are Merchant Ship, Training Ship, and ERS, is carried out. The authors focused the merits and the demerits of each training method in view of reality, repeatability, Type A and Type B training concepts explained in this paper. Based on these concepts, results are obtained and finally recommendations are made for Maritime Institutions to choose effective training method to train marine engineering candidates.