Modular photoinduced grafting onto approach by ketene chemistry

Goksu Y. A., Kumbaraci V., Yagci Y.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol.57, pp.274-280, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pola.29045
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.274-280
  • Keywords: benzodioxinone, ester, hydroxyl functionality, ketene, photografting, CROSS-LINKING, POLYMERIZATION, BENZODIOXINONE, ABSORPTION, POLYMERS, ROUTE
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A modular approach for the synthesis of graft copolymers by the combination of reversible addition-fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) polymerization and photoinduced acylation processes is described. In the two-step approach, first the copolymers of benzodioxinone containing monomer, namely, 4-oxo-2,2-diphenyl-4H-benzo[d][1,3]dioxin-7-yl methacrylate (BDMA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) in different feed ratios were prepared by RAFT polymerization. In the subsequent step, dichloromethane solutions of these copolymers (PMMA-co-PBDMA) were irradiated at lambda = 300 nm in the presence of independently prepared hydroxyl functional polymers such as poly(ethylene glycol) (MeO-PEG-OH) and poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL-OH). Side-chain esterification reaction between photochemically generated ketene groups and hydroxyl functionalities resulted in the formation graft copolymers. The intermediates and final graft copolymers were characterized by H-1 NMR, UV, IR, fluorescence, and GPC measurements. The success of the process was also confirmed by a model reaction using pyrene methanol. (c) 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2019, 57, 274-280