ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTION PROFILE AND WASTEWATER CONTROL ALTERNATIVES OF A PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY


Kabdasli I. , Ölmez Hancı T. , Akgun G., Tünay O.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.28, no.2, pp.626-632, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Title of Journal : FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.626-632

Abstract

In this study characterization and biological treat ability of tablet production wastewaters of a pharmaceutical industry were assessed. Source-based wastewater characterization of tablet, pastille, effervescent tablets and chewing tablet productions indicated variable strength of wastewaters with COD values between 1030 and 6700 mg/L. Biological treatability studies conducted on these wastewaters showed that the wastewater having BOD/COD ratios above 0.4 could be effectively treated using activated sludge process at 0.21-0.25 g COD/(g VSS d) organic loading. One of the tablet production wastewaters was found to be practically non-biodegradable. Ozonation of this wastewater yielded a limited increase in biodegradability. 60% COD removal could be obtained by biological treatability experiments at organic loadings of 0.06 to 0.1 g COD/(g VSS d) using composite samples prepared as a mixture of ozonized and non-ozonized tablet wastewaters.