Soluble and insoluble-bound phenolics and antioxidant activity of various industrial plant wastes

Gulsunoglu Z., Karbancioglu-Guler F., Raes K., Kilic-Akyilmaz M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD PROPERTIES, vol.22, no.1, pp.1501-1510, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10942912.2019.1656233
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1501-1510
  • Keywords: Industrial wastes, soluble phenolics, insoluble-bound phenolics, antioxidant, fruits, ANTI PROLIFERATIVE ACTIVITIES, BY-PRODUCTS, POLYPHENOLS, CAPACITY, L.
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The potential of selected industrial food wastes from juice and nut production including apple peel, apple pomace, pomegranate peel, pomegranate seed, chestnut shell, and black carrot pomace as resources for natural antioxidants was investigated. Soluble free and insoluble-bound phenolics were extracted from the wastes and analyzed for total phenolic and flavonoid contents, phenolic profile and antioxidant activity. Total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of wastes were positively correlated with their antioxidant activity. The highest total phenolic and antioxidant activity were determined in soluble fraction of pomegranate peel due to a significant amount of punicalagin derivatives. Pomegranate peel and seed had the most phenolics and flavonoids in soluble form while other wastes had more than 45% of total phenolics in insoluble-bound form. Chestnut shell showed more antioxidant activity in insoluble-bound fraction compared to that of its soluble fraction. These findings showed that not only soluble but also an insoluble-bound fraction of the industrial wastes has good potential for valorization as a source of natural antioxidants.