Use of Multilayered Ni-Sn and Ni-Sn-C Thin Film Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries


Polat B. D. , Abouimrane A., Sezgin N., Keles O., Amine K.

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, vol.135, pp.585-593, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 135
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.05.024
  • Journal Name: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.585-593
  • Keywords: Ni-Sn thin film anode, Carbon, Lithium-ion batteries, Electron beam evaporation, STORAGE PROPERTIES, PERFORMANCE, ELECTRODES, ALLOYS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study explores the electrochemical performance of Ni-Sn and Ni-Sn-C thin film anodes in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. A new strategy of forming a Ni-Sn-C multilayered thin film is proposed here, where nickel-coated carbon powder is used as a source material to incorporate carbon atoms into the thin film in a controlled manner. Galvanostatic half-cell measurements demonstrated that the Ni-Sn thin film shows a gradually decreasing capacity with cycling, whereas the Ni-Sn-C thin film exhibits a longer cycle life with good capacity retention. The improved cycle performance of the Ni-Sn-C electrode is attributed to its high tolerance against electrode swelling, which is closely associated with the stress-buffering action of nickel and the homogeneous distribution on nanoparticles induced by carbon. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.