Anatase titanium dioxide loaded polylactide membranous films: preparation, characterization, and antibacterial activity assessment

DURAL-EREM A., Erem H. H. , Özcan G., Skrifvars M.

JOURNAL OF THE TEXTILE INSTITUTE, vol.106, no.6, pp.571-576, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 106 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00405000.2014.929274
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.571-576


In this study, the preparation method and characteristics of anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticle-loaded polylactide (PLA) films and their antibacterial efficacy against Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 4352) and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538) bacterium were studied. A series of PLA nanocomposites containing, respectively, 0, 1, and 5% (wt.) titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles were prepared by melt intercalation method. The effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on the thermal and mechanical characteristics of the films was determined. Thermal analysis showed that the glass transition temperature, crystallization temperature, melting temperature, and decomposition temperatures (Td(0.5) and Td(0.05)) decreased with the filler content. The results obtained from tensile tests showed that TiO2 nanoparticles reduced the mechanical properties and moduli of the PLA films. On the other hand, the water absorption properties of the nanocomposite films increased with the addition of nanoparticles and nanocomposite films exhibited bacteriostatic and limited bactericidal efficacy according to AATCC 147. Consequently, nanocomposite films may be good materials for medical applications due to their membranous properties.