Heat Transfer Characteristics for Condensation of R134a in a Vertical Smooth Tube

Arslan G., Eskin N.

EXPERIMENTAL HEAT TRANSFER, vol.28, no.5, pp.430-445, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08916152.2014.926430
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.430-445
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, condensation of pure refrigerant R134a vapor inside a smooth vertical tube was experimentally investigated. The test section was made of a copper tube with inside diameter of 7.52mm and length of 1m. Experimental tests were conducted for mass fluxes in the range of 20-175kg/m(2)s with saturation pressure ranging between 5.8 and 7 bar. The effects of mass flux, saturation pressure, and temperature difference between the refrigerant and tube inner wall (Delta T) on the heat transfer performance were analyzed through experimental data. Obtained results showed that average condensation heat transfer coefficient decreases with increasing saturation pressure or temperature difference (Delta T). In addition, for the same temperature difference (Delta T), heat can be removed from the refrigerant at a higher rate at relatively low pressure values. Under the same operating conditions, it was shown that average condensation heat transfer coefficient increases as mass flux increases. Finally, the most widely used heat transfer coefficient correlations for condensation inside smooth tubes were analyzed through the experimental data. The best fit was obtained with Akers et al.'s (1959) correlation with an absolute mean deviation of 22.6%.