9th International Conference on the Network of the Future (NOF), Poznan, Poland, 19 - 21 November 2018, pp.17-24
The idea to use multiple paths to transport TCP traffic seems very attractive due to its potential benefits it may offer for both redundancy and better utilization of available resources by load balancing. Fixed and mobile network providers employ frequently load-balancers that use multiple paths on either per-flow or per-destination level, but very seldom on per-packet level. Despite of the benefits of packet-level load balancing mechanisms (e.g., low computational complexity and high bandwidth utilization) network providers can't use them mainly because of TCP packet reorderings that harm TCP performance. Emerging network architectures also support multiple paths, but they face with the same obstacle in balancing their load to multiple paths. Indeed, packet level load balancing research is paralyzed by the reordering vulnerability of TCP.