In this study, the removal of uranium from aqueous solutions by diatomite earth (Kieselguhr) fine particles has been investigated. Diatomite earth is an important adsorbent material in chromatographic studies. Uranium adsorption capacity of four different types of diatomite was determined. The adsorption of uranium on the chosen diatomite sample was examined as a function of uranium concentration, solution pH, contact time and temperature. The adsorption of uranium on diatomite followed a Langmuir-type isotherm.