Nonparametric streamflow simulation by wavelet or Fourier analysis

Bayazit M., ONOZ B., Aksoy H.

HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL-JOURNAL DES SCIENCES HYDROLOGIQUES, vol.46, no.4, pp.623-634, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Wavelet or Fourier analysis is proposed as an alternative nonparametric method to simulate streamflows. Am observed series is decomposed into its components at various resolutions and then recombined randomly to generate synthetic series. The mean and standard deviation are perfectly reproduced and coefficient of skewness tends to zero as the number of simulations increases. Normalizing transforms can be used for skewed series. Autocorrelation coefficients and the dependence structure are better preserved when Fourier analysis is used, but the mean and variance remain constant when the simulated and observed series have the same length. Monthly as well as annual flows can be simulated by this technique as illustrated on some examples. Wavelet analysis should be preferred as it generates flow series that exhibit a wider range of required reservoir capacities.