The new metal-based compound from anticancer drug cytarabine: Spectral, electrochemical, DNA-binding, antiproliferative effect and in silico studies

Gungor O., ÇEŞME M., Çınar M. E., Gölcü A.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, vol.1193, pp.532-543, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1193
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2019.05.014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.532-543
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Within the scope of this study, new dimeric zinc(II)-based analog of Cytarabine (Cyt) (an anticancer drug) was synthesized by considering different analytical conditions and characterized using analytical and spectroscopic methods. The proposed structure of this dimeric metal-based compound was characterized as Zn-2(Cyt)(2)Cl-4. Geometry optimizations of the compound were performed in a vacuum without any symmetry constraints at density functional theory (DFT) level using the Gaussian 09 package program. The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) have been given a DFT calculation section. Thermal behavior of the compound was investigated by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) techniques. This compound was transformed into metal oxides after thermal degradation. The electrochemical properties of both ligand and Zn-2(Cyt)(2)Cl-4 were analyzed by Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) using glassy carbon electrode at different pH values. Also, the interactions of Cyt and Zn-2(Cyt)(2)Cl-4 compound with fish sperm double strain deoxyribonucleic acid (FSdsDNA) were investigated by measuring their binding constant (K-b) to FSdsDNA. The results showed that Cyt and Zn-2(Cyt)(2)Cl-4 metal-based compound could bind to FSdsDNA through groove-binding mode into the DNA helix. The antiproliferative activities of Cyt and the obtained new metal-based compound were investigated using three different concentrations on the HeLa cell line and the obtained values were compared with the commercially available metal-based drugs cisplatin, oxaliplatin, and carboplatin. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.