Mature Petroleum Hydrocarbons Contamination in Surface and Subsurface Waters of Kızılırmak Graben (Central Anatolia, Turkey): Geochemical Evidence for a Working Petroleum System Associated with a Possible Salt Diapir

Özdemir A., Palabıyık Y., Karataş A., Şahinoğlu A.

Turkish Journal of Engineering, vol.6, no.1, pp.1-15, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-15
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Salt formations exist in Kızılırmak Graben (Central Anatolia, Turkey), which consists of volcano-sedimentary units, and it was stated in previous studies that these formations have a diapiric structure. The adjacent basin, Ayhan Basin, contains bituminous shale and operated coal deposits. For this reason, in this study, it is aimed to investigate the oil and gas potential of the Kızılırmak Graben by conducting TPH (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons) analysis on the samples taken from natural cold-water resources by making use of the thought that hydrocarbon generation may come into existence from those units in the Ayhan basin. As a consequence of the analyses performed, hydrocarbons have been brought into the open in all the water samples. The organic geochemical methods have been used to find out the source of hydrocarbons determined in the water resources. The disclosed n-alkane hydrocarbons are the mature petroleum hydrocarbons derived from peat/coal type organic matter (Type III kerogen, gas-prone). These mature hydrocarbon-rich waters can be regarded as evidence for the availability of a working hydrocarbon system associated with possible salt diapir identified by using gravity and magnetic data obtained from the investigation area. Keywords: Kızılırmak Graben, Reservoir-targeted petroleum exploration, TPH in water analysis, Hydrocarbon-rich water, Salt dome.