The photon transmission technique was used to study the phase transitions of a liquid crystalline acrylate monomer, 6-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4'oxy)hexyl acrylate (LC6), its homopolymer (PLC6) and its graft copolymer (GLC6) with polytetrahydrofuran grafts. The phase transitions were also confirmed by DSC and polarizing microscopy. We observed the phase transition sequence isotropic-nematic-smectic A-smectic C in the LC6 monomer. In PLC6 and GLC6 polymers, the nematic and smectic A phases appear dominant. The apparent nematic-smectic A transition is of first order in PLC6 and of second order in GLC6, with the transition temperature remaining the same. The effects of quenched random constraints introduced in GLC6 are consistent with the theory of quenched random interactions. The critical exponents were also evaluated.