Early Holocene age and provenance of a mid-shelf delta lobe south of the Strait of Bosphorus, Turkey, and its link to vigorous Black Sea outflow

Aksu A. E. , HISCOTT R. N. , Yaltırak C.

MARINE GEOLOGY, vol.380, pp.113-137, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 380
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.margeo.2016.07.003
  • Title of Journal : MARINE GEOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.113-137


The chronology of an abandoned Holocene delta lobe (present water depth similar to 40-70 m) on the northeastern shelf of the Marmara Sea south of the Strait of Bosphorus was revised from the early Holocene (similar to 11.0-9.7 cal ka) to the middle Holocene (6.65-3.75 cal ka) by Eris et al. (Eris, K.K.; Ryan, W.B.F., cagatay, Sancar, U., Lericolais, G., Menot, G., Bard, E., 2007. The timing and evolution of the post-glacial transgression across the Sea of Marmara shelf south of Istanbul. Marine Geology, 243, 57-76). Three independent seismic and multibeam surveys and replotting of navigational fixes for the 1992/1993-vintage survey lines which Eris et al. correlated to their MD04-2750 giant piston core confirm that they misplotted the location of the MD04-2750 core site on seismic profiles by a minimum of similar to 200 m. Because of rapid convergence of seismic reflections in this critical area, the assessment of the age of the Holocene delta proposed by Eris et al. is incorrect. Instead, existing and new data allow the age of this delta lobe to be refined to similar to 11.1-10.2 cal ka (+/-similar to 200-300 years each) using several dated cores and the MD04-2750 chronology itself. A dense grid of previously unpublished seismic data shows that the lobe emanates from the Strait of Bosphorus and not from any of the local small streams. Mineralogy of the very fine sand fraction of the delta excludes the Kurbagalidere stream as a source of the detritus, as does the composition of detrital hornblendes. It is concluded that the early Holocene delta lobe indeed records a period of strong Black Sea outflow, as advocated by co-authors RNH and AEA in 2002. Re-examination of multibeam imagery from the strait itself provides support for strong southward flow that potentially coincided with accumulation of the delta lobe at the southern exit of the strait. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.