Design Communication Association European Conference, İstanbul, Turkey, 11 - 14 May 2016, pp.69-78
The majority of industrial plants that were once located in urban centers and coastal areas were demolished and used for the purposes of new city regulations. This situation has attracted great attention from society; therefore, industrial heritage and industrial archeology became important concepts since 1970s. In developed countries such as the UK, Germany and the USA, many significant projects which aimed to protect industrial areas and reuse them, have been carried out for a long period of time. In Turkey, the concepts of industrial heritage and industrial archeology gained in 1990s; thus, some industrial areas were already rehabilitated and reused over the course of the years.
Paşabahçe Glass Factory is one of these industrial areas that were left inert. The factory is among the industrial areas that were established by the state during the Republican period. The factory increased its production capacity until 1980s. After 1980s, the production facilities of the factory were relocated to different locations, and thus, the closure period began for the factory. The factory terminated its production activities in 2002, and its site has been left idle until today. At the moment, Paşabahçe Glass Factory is used as a warehouse, and there are numerous physical problems in the factory buildings. In addition to the physical problems observed in the factory buildings, people who live in the vicinity of the factory also faced social problems. There is an urgent need for a holistic protection approach for the factory.
This study proposes a project to make use of the Paşabahçe Glass Factory. so as to protect and improve its natural and cultural value. First of all, the natural and physical value of Paşabahçe Glass Factory are analyzed by means of a field study and a comprehensive literature review. The current social image of Paşabahçe Glass Factory is analyzed through questionnaires with the residents of Paşabahçe neighborhood and through interviews with the workers who once were employed at Paşabahçe Glass Factory. Following the identification of the physical and social values and problems, some recommendations for the reuse of the Paşabahçe Glass Factory are proposed. The industrial identity of the area, the demands of the residents, social and economical structure of the area were considered when the functions for reuse were specified.