Real-time Stride Length Estimation using Textile-Based Capacitive Soft Strain Sensors

Ayvaz U., Özlem K., Yılmaz A., Tunçay Atalay A., Atalay Ö., İnce G.

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol.73, pp.1-11, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tim.2023.3334347
  • Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-11
  • Keywords: Capacitive strain sensors, e-textiles, gait analysis, pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR), stride length estimation (SLE)
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Stride length estimation (SLE) is a fundamental component of pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR) in indoor navigation and positioning (INP) applications. The knowledge of stride length is crucial for determining the distances covered by pedestrians and estimating their position in real-time. In this study, we proposed a real-time SLE method using innovative textile-based capacitive strain sensors attached to knee pads. The SLE performance of the capacitive sensors was compared with smartphone IMUs, and the results were reported. We applied a supervised SLE approach by creating labeled gait data from participants who wore sensors and walked along controlled paths created with predetermined stride lengths. An adaptive stride detection algorithm was developed to handle data diversity resulting from varying participant characteristics. Furthermore, we investigated the contribution of gait phase features to SLE. The proposed model achieved impressive outcomes with a mean absolute error of 8.73 cm, showcasing its significance in accurate real-time SLE.