Bioelectricity production using a new electrode in a microbial fuel cell

Ozkaya B., Akoglu B., KARADAĞ D., Aci G., TAŞKAN E., HASAR H.

BIOPROCESS AND BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING, vol.35, no.7, pp.1219-1227, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00449-012-0709-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1219-1227
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Electrode materials play a key role in enhancing the electricity generation in the microbial fuel cell (MFC). In this study, a new material (Ti-TiO2) was used as an anode electrode and compared with a graphite electrode for electricity generation. Current densities were 476.6 and 31 mA/m(2) for Ti-TiO2 and graphite electrodes, respectively. The PCR-DGGE analysis of enriched microbial communities from estuary revealed that MFC reactors were dominated by Shewanella haliotis, Enterococcus sp., and Enterobacter sp. Bioelectrochemical kinetic works in the MFC with Ti-TiO2 electrode revealed that the parameters by non-linear curve fitting with the confidence bounds of 95% gave good fit with the kinetic constants of eta (difference between the anode potential and anode potential giving one-half of the maximum current density) = 0.35 V, K (s) (Half-saturation constant) = 2.93 mM and J (max) = 0.39 A/m(2) for T = 298 K and F = 96.485 C/mol-e(-). From the results observed, it is clear that Ti-TiO2 electrode is a promising candidate for electricity generation in MFC.