Cyclicity in the Middle Eocene Yamak turbidite complex of the Haymana basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey


Çiner T. A., Deynoux M., KOŞUN E.

Geologische Rundschau, vol.85, no.4, pp.669-682, 1996 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/bf02440104
  • Journal Name: Geologische Rundschau
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.669-682
  • Keywords: Eocene, Fore-arc basin, Sequence stratigraphy, Submarine fan, Turbidites, Turkey
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The Haymana basin in central Anatolia (Turkey) formed on a Late Cretaceous to Middle Eocene fore-arc accretionary wedge. A sequential model is proposed for the 1-km-thick Lutetian Yamak turbidite complex (YTC) which is the youngest paleotectonic unit of the basin. The YTC represents a prograding submarine fan subdivided into three depositional sequences (DS), each several hundred meters thick. Each depositional sequence consists of a turbidite system (TS), with sandstone and conglomeratic sandstone beds alternating with mudstones, overlain by basin plain mudstones. In each turbidite system, the sandstone and mudstone sequential organization allows the distinction of smaller subdivisions, namely, basic sequences (BS) and basic units (BU), with each basic sequence being composed of several basic units. This subdivision, associated with a two-dimensional geometric reconstruction of the YTC, leads to a better understanding of the evolution in time and space of the submarine fan system. Lower to middle fan depositional lobes, and upper fan and slope channels, are represented. As a whole, the YTC progressed from a sand-poor to a sand-rich system. Depositional sequences (DS) of the YTC may correspond to third-order sea-level cycles of tectonic origin. Accordingly, fourth- and fifth-order cycles might be proposed for the BS and BU, respectively. However, partly because of the limited extent of exposures, the allocyclic origin of these finer subdivisions remains problematic.