Evaluation of the standard contract forms in Turkey

Çakmak F. P., Taş E. F.

Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors International Research Conference, COBRA 2011, Salford, England, 12 - 13 September 2011, pp.1123-1129 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Salford
  • Country: England
  • Page Numbers: pp.1123-1129
  • Keywords: AIA, FIDIC, JCT, KIK, Standard contract forms
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In the Turkish construction industry, KIK standard contract forms, which are published by Public Procurement Authority, are used. Although there is an existence of standard contract forms, they are not sufficient and useful both in scope and content. Due to the lack of the nature of these standard forms, many problems and difficulties arise in the completion of a construction project within the desired time, cost and quality. In order to solve these problems, standard contract forms in Turkey are needed to be restructured both in scope and content. In this context, analyzing other standard contract forms, which are commonly used and accepted throughout the construction industry, is necessary and helpful. In this paper, AIA, FIDIC and JCT standard contract forms are reviewed and compared with the standard forms of contract used in Turkey. The differences between these standard forms are determined with the help of the comparison. The problem areas of Turkish standard contract forms are presented and appropriate suggestions are improved.