Three-dimensional computational analysis of performance improvement in a novel designed solar photovoltaic/thermal system by using hybrid nanofluids

Oztop H. F., Şahin A. D., Coşanay H., Sahin I.

Renewable Energy, vol.210, pp.832-841, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 210
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.renene.2023.04.115
  • Journal Name: Renewable Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Index Islamicus, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.832-841
  • Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics, Energy, Heat transfer enhancement, Hybrid nanofluid, Photovoltaic thermal, Solar energy
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In the present study, the effect of using hybrid nanofluids on the performance of the novel solar photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) system is analyzed for possible maximization of the overall efficiency that includes both electrical and thermal energy yields. A novel design has been performed to transfer heat from the backside of a solar collector to water. Three-dimensional (3D) Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was applied by using finite volume method (FVM). The governing parameters are Reynolds number (100 ≤ Re ≤ 1500), heat flux (400 ≤ q” ≤ 800) and different types of nanofluids such as single or hybrid nanofluids at different combinations. A considerable improvement is observed in the performance of the PV/T system when using hybrid nanofluids instead of pure base heat transfer fluids or single type nanofluids.