Questioning whether there was a short-term interaction between the 6 February 2023 earthquakes and air quality parameters in Türkiye

ALVER ŞAHİN Ü., Kaynak Tezel B.

Chemosphere, vol.347, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 347
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.140616
  • Journal Name: Chemosphere
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Air, Earthquake, Gas, Kahramanmaraş, Precursor
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


On 6 February 2023, Türkiye was hit by two earthquakes with 7.5 (Eq2) and 7.8 (Eq1) magnitudes. In this study, the hourly ground-level air pollutant concentrations measured in the earthquake areas were examined in detail. In addition, the remote sensing retrievals of CO, NO2, SO2 and CH4 from TROPOMI instrument were also processed and investigated. The hourly mean PM2.5 and CO increased at four stations close to the epicentre several hours prior to the earthquake. The abrupt increase in CO is likely, but PM2.5 is probably related to the degassing activities in the faults. At the day of the earthquake, a significant TROPOMI NO2 increase and a different spatial distribution over the region are observed. This increase coincides with the Eq2 (20 min prior) and a distinctive spatial distribution was observed on that day, indicating this signal can be associated with the earthquake or another process affected by the earthquake. On the other hand, TROPOMI CO indicated a significantly different pattern from NO2 with lowest levels around or prior to the earthquakes, and increased levels afterwards. Limited data from TROPOMI was available for CH4 and SO2 due to meteorological conditions and data quality over the region to draw any conclusive findings. According to the results, it may be helpful to perform special Earth-based observations of NO2, CO and counts of nanoparticles in the ground-based atmosphere near fault lines in seismically active belts. In addition, anomalies can also be monitored via available satellite retrievals, especially in regions with active fault lines.