Abatements of reduced sulphur compounds, colour, and organic matter from indigo dyeing effluents by electrocoagulation


Tunay O. , SIMSEKER M., Kabdasli I. , OLMEZ-HANCI T.

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY, cilt.35, ss.1577-1588, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 13
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/09593330.2013.873824
  • Dergi Adı: ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1577-1588

Özet

In the present study, the treatability of indigo dyeing effluents by the electrocoagulation (EC) process using stainless steel electrodes was experimentally investigated. The samples used were concentrated with main pollutant parameters of chemical oxygen demand (COD) (1000-1100mg/L), reduced sulphur species (over 2000mg, and colour (0.12-0.131/cm). The study focused on the effect of main operation parameters on the EC process performance in terms of abatement of reduced sulphur compounds as well as decolourization and organic matter reduction. Results indicated that the performance of EC proved to be high providing total oxidation of the reduced sulphur compounds, almost complete decolourization, and COD removal up to 90%. Increasing applied current density from 22.5 to 45mA/cm(2) appreciably improved abatement of the reduced sulphur compounds for Sample I, but a further increase in the applied current density to 67.5mA/cm(2) did not accelerate the conversion rate to sulphate. The process performance was adversely affected by increasing initial concentration of the reduced sulphur compounds. Decolourization and organic matter removal efficiency enhanced with increasing applied current density. The main removal mechanism of the reduced sulphur compounds by EC was explained as conversion to sulphate via oxidation. Conversion rate to sulphate fitted pseudo-first-order kinetics very well.