Anaerobic treatment of propylene glycol-contaminated domestic wastewater and microbial community profile at threshold ratio

Gömeç Ç., Engiz G.

HELIYON, vol.7, no.2, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06296
  • Journal Name: HELIYON
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Aircraft deicing fluid, Biogas, Glycol, Predominant species, Toxicity, UASB reactor
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


An up-flow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) reactor was operated for five months to treat domestic wastewater contaminated by propylene glycol main component of Type 2 aircraft deicing fluid (ADF)- at threshold ratio based on optimization study with batch reactors [i.e., operated at externally included ADF = 0.83-4.20%]. Biogas yields up to similar to 0.4 m(3)/kg COD(influent )was achieved, however drastically reduced along with total chemical oxygen demand (tCOD) removal at ADF>1.20% and indicated strong inhibition. Hence, the UASB reactor was fed at ADF = 1.05% [tCOD(influent) = 8930 +/- 2100 mg/L] and yielded >80% tCOD removal on average. Next generation sequencing (NGS) findings also revealed that Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes had the highest ratios of relative abundances in biomass sample taken at the last operating day; hence co-existence of these phyla played significant role in glycol removal with Synergistetes and Thermotogae bacteria whereas Methanobacterium and Methanoculleus archaea increased remarkably.