Quaternary uplift rates of the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey: insights from cosmogenic isochron-burial nuclide dating of the Kizilirmak River terraces

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Ciner A. , Dogan U., YILDIRIM C. , Akcar N., IVY-OCHS S., ALFIMOV V., ...More

QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, vol.107, pp.81-97, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 107
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.10.007
  • Page Numbers: pp.81-97


The Central Anatolian Plateau (CAP) in Turkey is a relatively small plateau (300 x 400 km) with moderate average elevations of similar to 1 km situated between the Pontide and Tauride orogenic mountain belts. Kizilirmak, which is the longest river (1355 km) within the borders of Turkey, flows within the CAP and slowly incises into lacustrine and volcaniclastic units before finally reaching the Black Sea. We dated the Cappadocia section of the Kizilirmak terraces in the CAP by using cosmogenic burial and isochron-burial dating methods with Be-10 and Al-26 as their absolute dating can provide insight into long-term incision rates, uplift and climatic changes. Terraces at 13, 20, 75 and 100 m above the current river indicate an average incision rate of 0.051 +/- 0.01 mm/yr (51 +/- 1 m/Ma) since similar to 1.9 Ma. Using the base of a basalt fill above the modern course of the Kizilirmak, we also calculated 0.05-0.06 mm/yr mean incision and hence rock uplift rate for the last 2 Ma. Although this rate might be underestimated due to normal faulting along the valley sides, it perfectly matches our results obtained from the Kizilirmak terraces. Although up to 5-10 times slower, the Quaternary uplift of the CAP is closely related to the uplift of the northern and southern plateau margins respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.