Hydrogen adsorption of carbon nanotubes grown on different catalysts

Dundar-Tekkaya E., KARATEPE N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.40, no.24, pp.7665-7670, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were synthesized by catalytic chemical vapor deposition of C2H2 at 800 degrees C for 60 min. Catalysts were prepared by impregnation of transition metals (Fe, Co, Ni, V and bimetallic mixture of Fe-Co) on MgO powder substrate with a metal to MgO ratio of 5:100. After the synthesis, the samples were purified by liquid phase oxidation method with 1.5 M HNO3 for 30 min at 210 degrees C. The samples were characterized by thermal gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The hydrogen storage capacities of purified SWCNTs were investigated by volumetric method. It was found that the hydrogen uptake was in the range of 2.76-5.25 wt% at cryogenic temperature and 100 bar pressure. The maximum capacity was obtained with purified SWCNTs produced on Fe catalyst whereas purified SWCNTs grown on Fe-Co catalyst had the minimum hydrogen uptake. Copyright (c) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.