Scientific Reports, vol.13, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
Patellar luxation with condylar defect is a challenging situation for reconstruction in humans. Patella reluxation, cartilage damage and pain are the most common complications. This study aims to present a new patient specific method of overformed implant design and clinical implantation that prevents luxation of patella without damaging the cartilage in a dog. Design processes are Computer Tomography, Computer Assisted Design, rapid prototyping of the bone replica, creation of the implant with surgeon’s haptic knowledge on the bone replica, 3D printing of the implant and clinical application. The implant was fully seated on the bone. Patella reluxation or implant-related bone problem was not observed 80 days after the operation. However, before the implant application, there were soft tissue problems due to previous surgeries. Three-point bending test and finite element analysis were performed to determine the biomechanical safety of the implant. The stress acting on the implant was below the biomechanical limits of the implant. More cases with long-term follow-up are needed to confirm the success of this method in patellar luxation. Compared with trochlear sulcoplasty and total knee replacement, there was no cartilage damage done by surgeons with this method, and the implant keeps the patella functionally in sulcus. This is a promising multidisciplinary method that can be applied to any part of the bone and can solve some orthopaedic problems with surgeon’s haptic knowledge.