Ore Mineralogy of High Sulfidation Corak-Tac Epimesothermal Gold Deposit (Yusufeli-Artvin-Turkey)

Diarra K., Sangu E., Ciftci E.

14th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM), Belgorod, Russia, 23 - 27 September 2019, pp.53-58 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-030-22974-0_13
  • City: Belgorod
  • Country: Russia
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-58
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Corak and Tac, two nearby mineralizations, are located in the eastern black sea region, which is one of the most productive metallogenic belts of Turkey. It is characterized by a great number of Kuroko-type volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits as well as vein-type polymetallic deposits, porphyry and epithermal precious metal deposits. Subject neighboring deposits are hosted within the voluminous Cretaceous-Eocene granitoids and interbedded volcanic rocks and carbonates. Mineralogy of altered host rocks include quartz veins, carbonates, sericite, chlorite, chalcedony, and disseminated sulfides - mainly pyrite, sphalerite, galena, and chalcopyrite. The main texture encountered in the host rocks is hyaloporphyry. Due to hydrothermal alterations primary minerals are mostly altered in which the ferromagnesian minerals are chloritized and calcified, while feldspars are altered into sericite, calcite, and albite. Silicification and argillic alteration (medium, moderate, high) are widely spread however; XRD analysis carried on 33 core samples from Corak has also revealed local propylitic alteration, limonitization and hematitization as well. The minerals assemblages that accompanied the different alterations include jarosite and alunite suggesting high sulfidation hydrothermal mineralization. Through the ore microscopic studies, pyrite, chalcopyrite galena, sphalerite, and a lesser amount of sulfosalts (tennantite-tetrahedrite and pyrargyrite) were determined. Quartz and calcite account for the main gangue minerals. While the Tac mineralization is pyrite, chalcopyrite and sphalerite dominating, the Corak mineralization contains relatively less chalcopyrite and galena becomes prevalent with sphalerite. Gold in both sites may reach up to 10 ppm, on average 3 ppm. Silver occurrence is insignificant.