High throughput catalytic dechlorination of TCE by hollow fiber nanocomposite membranes with embedded Pd and Pd-Au catalysts

Crock C. A., SENGUR-TASDEMIR R., Koyuncu İ., Tarabara V. V.

SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, vol.179, pp.265-273, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Hollow fiber nanocomposite membranes were fabricated from casting mixtures that included polysulfone (PSf), N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), polyethylene glycol (PEG) as well as metallic (Pd) or bimetallic (Pd-Au) nanocatalysts supported on exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets (xGnPs). Morphological, structural, and separation properties of these membranes were characterized and compared with catalyst-free PSf and catalyst-free xGnP/PSf membranes. For all three fillers tested (xGnP, Pd/xGnP, Pd-Au/xGnP), nanocomposite hollow fiber membranes spun with 2.5 cm gap width were significantly (alpha = 0.1) more permeable than membranes of the same composition but spun with zero gap width. The normalized reactive fluxes of Pd-Au/xGnP/PSf membranes (7.2 +/- 1.1 and 6.5 +/- 1.2 (m/s)(M-H2)(-1) (g(pd)/g(psf))(-1)) spun with 0 cm and 2.5 cm gap widths were significantly higher than those of Pd/xGnP/PSf membranes (2.0 +/- 1.1 and 2.5 +/- 0.6 (m/s)(M-H2)(-1)(g(pd)/g(psf))(-1)). The study demonstrates that fabrication of hollow fiber membranes filled with xGnP-supported catalysts is feasible and allows for high throughput dehalogenation of TCE in a flow-through regime. In addition to higher catalytic activity in the TCE dehalogenation reaction, xGnP-supported Pd-Au catalysts demonstrate moderate resistance to poisoning by sulfide. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.