Machine learning methods for brain network classification: Application to autism diagnosis using cortical morphological networks


Bilgen İ., Guvercin G., Rekık I.

JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE METHODS, vol.343, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 343
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2020.108799
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE METHODS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database

Abstract

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects the brain connectivity at different levels. Nonetheless, non-invasively distinguishing such effects using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) remains very challenging to machine learning diagnostic frameworks due to ASD heterogeneity. So far, existing network neuroscience works mainly focused on functional (derived from functional MRI) and structural (derived from diffusion MRI) brain connectivity, which might not directly capture relational morphological changes between brain regions. Indeed, machine learning (ML) studies for ASD diagnosis using morphological brain networks derived from conventional T1-weighted MRI are very scarce.