The effect of manganese on the microstructure and mechanical properties of zinc-aluminium based ZA-8 alloy

Tuerk A., Durman M., Kayali E. S.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.42, no.19, pp.8298-8305, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10853-007-1504-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8298-8305
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


In this investigation, the effect of manganese as an alloying element in the range 0.01%-0.53 wt.%, on the hardness, 0.2% yield, tensile and impact strength, and creep properties of a gravity cast Zn-Al based ZA-8 alloy has been investigated. It was found that addition of Mn over the entire range of concentrations has a useful effect on the hardness of the alloy. Also, the 0.2% yield and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of the samples did not change significantly with Mn additions up to 0.045 wt.% but decreased with a further increase in Mn content. Furthermore, the impact strength of the alloy improved with increasing Mn up to 0.045 wt.% and then decreased gradually with a further increase in Mn content. On the other hand, the creep resistance of the alloy increased continuously with increasing Mn content up to 0.53 wt.% Mn. Metallographic studies showed that addition of Mn resulted in microstructural modifications of the alloy involving the formation of complex intermetallic compound identified as MnAl6. The increase in creep resistance and decrease in tensile and impact strength were thought to have been caused by the changing morphology and amount of the intermetallic.