Surface dependency in thermodynamics of ideal gases

Sisman A.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND GENERAL, vol.37, no.47, pp.11353-11361, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The Casimir-like size effect rises in ideal gases confined in a finite domain due to the wave character of atoms. By considering this effect, thermodynamic properties of an ideal gas confined in spherical and cylindrical geometries are derived and compared with those in rectangular geometry. It is seen that an ideal gas exhibits an unavoidable quantum surface free energy and surface over volume ratio becomes a control variable on thermodynamic state functions in microscale. Thermodynamics turns into non-extensive thermodynamics and geometry difference becomes a driving force since the surface over volume ratio depends on the geometry.