Air-stable and recoverable catalyst for copper-catalyzed controlled/living radical polymerization of styrene; In situ generation of Cu(I) species via electron transfer reaction

Hizal G., Tunca U., Aras S., Mert H.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol.44, no.1, pp.77-87, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pola.21048
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.77-87


Copper-catalyzed controlled/living radical polymerization (LRP) of styrene (St) was conducted using the silica gel-supported CuCl2/N, N, N', N', N"-pentamethyl-diethylenetriamine (SG-CuCl2/PMDETA) complex as catalyst at 110 degrees C in the presence of a definite amount of air. This novel approach is based on in situ generation and regeneration of Cu(I) via electron transfer reaction between phenols and Cu(II). Sodium phenoxide or p-methoxyphenol was used as a reducing agent of Cu(II) complexes in LRP. The number-average molecular weight, M-n,M-GPC, increases linearly with monomer conversion and agrees well with the theoretical values up to 85% conversion The molecular weight distribution, M-w/M-n, decreases as the conversion increases and reaches values below 1.2. The catalyst was recovered in aerobic condition and reused in copper-catalyzed LRP of St. For the second run, the number-average molecular weights increased with monomer conversion and the polydispersities decreased as the polymerization proceeded and reached to the value < 1.3 at 81% conversion. The recycled catalyst retained 90% of its original activity in the subsequent polymerization. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.