De Maya B. N., Farag Y., Bantan H., Kurt R., Turan O., Uflaz E., ...More

SNAME 14th International Marine Design Conference, IMDC 2022, Vancouver, Canada, 26 - 30 June 2022 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.5957/imdc-2022-336
  • City: Vancouver
  • Country: Canada
  • Keywords: accident investigation, collision, grounding, Human Factors, maritime accidents, SAFEMODE, SHIELD HF Taxonomy
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© IMDC 2022. All right reserved.Despite the continuous improvement of safety measures, maritime accidents remain a concern in our society. Thus, as the literature has shown, over the last ten years, the frequency of groundings and collisions accidents in the maritime domain has increased. An official accident investigation is conducted for each serious maritime accident, however, the level of detail changes from accident to accident, hence, the details about human contributors and organizational issues are not systematically analyzed and reported in a way that makes future extraction of trends and comparisons possible. With the aim to better capture human and organizational factors, this paper proposes to utilize the Safety Human Incident & Error Learning Database (SHIELD) HF Taxonomy, which was developed in the context of the European Union SAFEMODE project, in line with the key components of NASA-HFACS, HERA, and Reason's Swiss Cheese Model. Therefore, in this study, ten collision and ten grounding maritime accidents reported by various maritime agencies are analyzed via the SHIELD HF Taxonomy to identify the main accident contributors, including design deficiencies. The paper demonstrates the benefits of using the SHIELD HF taxonomy for identifying the underlying causes as well as developing mitigating design solutions.