Process Design and Management Proposal for Urban Design Guides in the Scope of Community-Based Design Approach; Ordu Case

Ustundag K., Erturan A., Ozaltin G. S., Ozer E.

MEGARON, vol.15, no.4, pp.639-662, 2020 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/megaron.2020.60437
  • Journal Name: MEGARON
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.639-662
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this article, the "Process Management and Process Design" that emerged within the scope of the "Ordu Urban Design Guide Preliminary Study" project carried out in May-August 2018 is evaluated. This project is in cooperation with MCMill Architecture and Ordu Metropolitan Municipality, ITU Nova Technology Transfer Office and Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Faculty of Architecture, City and Regional Planning Department. It is aimed to involve different stakeholders in the city such as public, university, non-governmental and private sector in the process and to experience to-production" with this study. In the study, the separation of the design projects from the characteristics of the local is considered as a problem. It has been demonstrated that different dynamics are needed for local design; Community needs and local culture were considered at the top of these dynamics. Within the scope of the study, community-based design" approach has been adopted. In this study, it is aimed to present a local-specific urban design guide process in which the society is included using innovative participation methods. It is aimed that the Preliminary Study of the Urban Design Guide developed for the city of Ordu will constitute a base for an urban design guide that may be produced in the future. Workshops, participation meetings, guided walks held within the scope of field work in Ordu were among the methods of this study. Carried out in two different scales, namely in Ordu and Altinordu, the study data was investigated and examples of how this data can provide input for future urban design processes and Process Design and Management of the designs are provided. With this work, the processes and tools from data collection to design, from production to post-product programs were defined. Emphasis was placed on equal and joint participation at all stages. Ordu has been carried to tangible examples with design and process suggestions developed on the basis of local identity and culture, social needs and expectations, and the values of urban memory. The community-based design approach proposed in this context aims to bring a sustainable perspective that emphasizes the urban identity and is focused on social participation and open to development. This approach can be applied even in cities with different scales, populations, geographical conditions and cultures, and can be used by local governments, relevant institutions and persons. In this process, it is important that the actors in the city (Eastern Black Sea Development Agency, Ordu University, Ordu Chamber of Commerce, Ordu Chamber of Architects etc.) work together in all projects to be developed based on the identity of Ordu. It is important to ensure coordination and communication with local people in the stages of this multi-actor process and to have a structure that addresses the demands of the local by ensuring participation in the processes. It is thought that the participation of stakeholders in the process can be ensured through developing tools used for this purpose such as social media portals, websites, and mobile applications. In the Preliminary Study of Ordu Urban Design Guide, which was emphasized in the community-based design"approach; It was ensured that the design process was implemented in the data collection and analysis phase. Based on the findings obtained with social participation methods to discover the local dynamics and needs of the society, the steps of the design process based on the identity of Ordu have been defined.