Natural origin bilayer pullulan-PHBV scaffold for wound healing applications


Dalgic A. D. , Koman E. , Karataş A. , TEZCANER A., KESKİN D.

Materials Science and Engineering C, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.msec.2021.112554
  • Title of Journal : Materials Science and Engineering C
  • Keywords: Glutaraldehyde, PHBV, Pullulan, Skin tissue engineering, Wet-electrospinning

Abstract

© 2021 Elsevier B.V.Skin tissue loss that occurs by injury and diseases can turn into chronic wounds as a result of complications alongside infection. Chronic wounds fail to heal by themselves and need advanced treatments like engineered wound dressings and regenerative scaffolds. In this study, a novel, natural origin, bilayer electrospun scaffold was produced from pullulan (PUL) and poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) biopolymers. PHBV production by Cupriavidus necator bacterial strain was optimized and produced polymer was characterized. Characteristic peaks and bands of PHBV were observed by H-NMR and FTIR analyses. Valerate mol percent of produced PHBV copolymer was determined by H-NMR. Average molecular weight of the polymer was determined by SLS technique and crystallinity of PHBV was calculated from DSC curve. Bilayer scaffold was produced by electrospinning of hydrophilic PUL fibrous membrane onto wet-electrospun hydrophobic PHBV 3D fibrous mat. Bilayer scaffold was designed to involve regenerative and barrier fibrous layers. Nano fibrous PUL membrane with smaller pore size was efficient as a barrier against bacterial transmission while enabling optimum oxygen and water vapor transmission. Water retention and degradation properties were found to be optimum for a skin tissue scaffold. In vitro studies showed that PUL membrane sustained L929 cell proliferation while preventing cells from migrating inside the barrier phase while PHBV layer supported cell viability, proliferation, and migration, creating a regenerative 3D structure. Results showed that, novel natural origin PUL/PHBV bilayer scaffold is a promising candidate for wound healing applications.