A note on tsunami caused by submarine slides and slumps spreading in one dimension with nonuniform displacement amplitudes

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Trifunac M., Hayir A., Todorovska M.

SOIL DYNAMICS AND EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, vol.23, no.3, pp.223-234, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Tsunami created by spreading submarine slides and slumps with spatially variable final uplift are investigated in the near-field using a kinematic model. It is shown that for velocities of spreading comparable to and smaller than the long period tsunami velocity c(T) = rootgh (g is the acceleration due to gravity and h is the ocean depth), the models with spatially uniform final uplift of the accumulation and depletion zones provide good approximation for the tsunami amplitudes in the near-field, For spreading velocities 2-5 times greater than c(T). and for applications that use wavelengths of the order of the source dimensions, the spatial variability of the final uplift has to be considered in estimation of the high-frequency tsunami amplitudes in the near-field. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.