A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN ALALAKH AND CYPRUS IN THE MIDDLE AND LATE BRONZE AGES: TEXTUAL, ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ARCHAEOMETRIC STUDIES


Kozal E., Hacıosmanoğlu S., Kibaroğlu M., Sunal G.

in: ALALAKH AND ITS NEIGHBOURS, K. Aslıhan Yener,Tara Ingman, Editor, Peeters Publishers , Paris, pp.419-433, 2020

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Publisher: Peeters Publishers
  • City: Paris
  • Page Numbers: pp.419-433
  • Editors: K. Aslıhan Yener,Tara Ingman, Editor

Abstract

This paper deals with connections between Cyprus and Alalakh in the Middle and Late Bronze

Ages in terms of different types of evidence (textual, archaeological and archaeometric), as they

provide complementary information. These projects and ongoing studies are presented with

some preliminary results. Although written documents with reference to Alašia are few in

number, they show that people from Alašia were living in Alalakh by at least Level VII.

Pottery is the main source of information for this article, because it is plentiful and informative.

It is being studied by means of typological, stratigraphical and contextual criteria. In this

respect, the initiation, phases and end of connections with Cyprus can be examined accordingly.

Moreover, archaeometric analysis (both elemental and mineralogical) have been conducted

in order to trace back to the raw material from the finished product. One of the aims

of archaeometric analysis is to define the characteristics of clay through instrumental analyses,

in addition to archaeological definitions. Another important aim is to contribute to provenance

studies with respect to defining the regions in Cyprus from which the clay sources and

other materials came.*