Composite Resistor Technique for Process and Temperature Compensations of Low Power Ring Oscillators

Cetinkaya H., ZEKİ A., Girgin A., Karalar T. C.

10th IEEE Latin American Symposium on Circuits & Systems (LASCAS), Armenia, Colombia, 24 - 27 February 2019, pp.29-32 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/lascas.2019.8667567
  • City: Armenia
  • Country: Colombia
  • Page Numbers: pp.29-32
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A process and temperature compensation technique, namely, composite resistor, is adopted for the current controlled oscillators (CCOs). The core is a ring oscillator (RO) and oscillates at 1 MHz at room temperature (25 degrees C) with 50% duty cycle. The temperature compensation is achieved between -20 degrees C and 100 degrees C, and after trimming, the inaccuracies of the output frequencies, 1 MHz, and 0.5 MHz, are below +/- 1% (3s) in the same temperature range. As a result, 2 outputs are temperature compensated. The oscillator core consumes 750 nA, the biasing circuit consumes 360 nA, and the complete system consumes 1.256 mu A, corresponding to 2 mu W at 1.6 V battery voltage. The design, occupying 130 mu m x 285 mu m die area, is realized in a 0.18 mu m Mixed-Signal RF Salicide (1P6M, 1.8V/3.3V) CMOS process.