Sol-gel phase transition during the free-radical crosslinking copolymerization of methyl methacrylate and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate was studied using the steady-state fluorescence method. Copolymerization was performed both in the absence and presence of toluene at 75 degrees C. Sol-gel phase transitions were monitored by observing the direct intensity of an excited pyrene methyl pivalate during in situ fluorescence experiments. Random bond and site bond percolation models were employed to quantify the results of bulk and solution polymerizations, respectively, during the sol-gel phase transition. Gel points were determined and the beta exponents were found to be around 0.37 and 0.38 during gelation in bulk and solution polymerizations, respectively. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.