Galactic Shapiro delay to the Crab pulsar and limit on weak equivalence principle violation

Desai S., Kahya E. O.

EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C, vol.78, no.2, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 78 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5571-0


We calculate the total galactic Shapiro delay to the Crab pulsar by including the contributions from the dark matter as well as baryonic matter along the line of sight. The total delay due to dark matter potential is about 3.4 days. For baryonic matter, we included the contributions from both the bulge and the disk, which are approximately 0.12 and 0.32 days respectively. The total delay from all the matter distribution is therefore 3.84 days. We also calculate the limit on violations of Weak equivalence principle by using observations of "nano-shot" giant pulses from the Crab pulsar with time-delay < 0.4 ns, as well as using time differences between radio and optical photons observed from this pulsar. Using the former, we obtain a limit on violation of Weak equivalence principle in terms of the PPN parameter Delta gamma < 2.41 x 10(-15). From the time-difference between simultaneous optical and radio observations, we get Delta gamma < 1.54 x 10(-9). We also point out differences in our calculation of Shapiro delay and that from two recent papers (Yang and Zhang, Phys Rev D 94(10): 101501, 2016; Zhang and Gong, Astrophys J 837: 134, 2017), which used the same observations to obtain a corresponding limit on Delta gamma.