Polypropylene microfibers via solution electrospinning under ambient conditions


Acik G., Altinkok Ç.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.136, no.45, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 136 Issue: 45
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.48199
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
  • Keywords: applied voltage, chlorinated, concentration, electrospinning, feed rate, morphology, polypropylene, solution, tip-to-collector, NANOFIBER DIAMETER, THERMAL-PROPERTIES, POLYMERIZATION, POLYOLEFINS, FUNCTIONALIZATION, COPOLYMERS, MORPHOLOGY, MEMBRANES, TEMPLATE, FIBERS

Abstract

Uniform beadless fibers of chlorinated polypropylene (PP-Cl) are prepared by electrospinning of PP-Cl solutions in tetrahydrofuran at different concentrations, feed rates, applied voltages, and tip-to-collector distances (TCDs) under ambient conditions for the first time. Average fiber diameter and morphology of the electrospun PP-Cl fibers are determined by scanning electron microscopy. On the other hand, the wettability of the fibers is examined by water contact angle (WCA) measurements. Furthermore, thermal behavior of fibers is investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analyses, respectively. Obtained results show that the higher concentrations and feed rates of polymer solutions not only enhance the average diameter of the electrospun fibers ranging from 2.2 +/- 0.5 to 2.8 +/- 0.3 mu m but improve the hydrophobicity of the fiber surfaces from 128 degrees +/- 1.1 to 141 degrees +/- 1.0 as well. On the other hand, when applied voltage is increased or TCD is decreased, diameters of achieved fibers are enhanced. It is suggested that PP-Cl is an useful material for solution electrospinning process at under ambient conditions, exhibiting great scientific merit and good industrial expectation in the potential PP applications. (c) 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2019, 136, 48199.