12th WORLD CONGRESS OF THE RSAI, Panaji, India, 29 May - 01 June 2018, pp.1330
Metropolitan areas and cities are threatened by external shocks such as; economic crisis, natural disasters, climate change, terrorism, etc. Those uncertain externalities are the main challenges of cities. The impacts of threats and risk should be reduced to sustain a safe environment for citizens and viability of the city system. Therefore, cities and metropolitan areas should be evolved into more resilient structure and prepared for the threats. Increasing resilience of cities is important to avoid being under continuous threat and vulnerable to any external shocks. The critical part is defining the strategic roadmap to more resilient structure. Istanbul is the biggest metropolitan cityof Turkey with more than 15 million citizens. It has a critical role for the country in terms of cultural, historical, social and economic aspects. Therefore, the resilience of Istanbul is an important issue that should be considered comprehensively. This paper discusses the context and decisions of Istanbul Environmental Plan in terms of whether it contributes to more resilient urban structure. In this context, the resilient city framework that suggested by Jabareen (2013) have been conducted.Jabareen tries to answer the question of “what cities and their urban communities should do in order to move towards amore resilient state in the future” and defines the conceptual framework for resilient city and resilient community by hisstudy. That conceptual framework has beenthe basis for this study. Istanbul Environmental Plan has been examinedwithin 4 concepts as defined by Jabareen; “Urban vulnerability matrix analysis, Uncertainty oriented planning, Urbangovernance and Prevention”. This study investigates whether the plan includes the resilient city key measurementsdefined under those 4 concepts and how the plan decisions have considered resilient development. This paper has addressed the question whether Istanbul environmental plan context and decisions contribute to urban resilience. Through considering the resilient city framework, expected results of this study are to distinguish missing parts of plan regarding urban resilience and to determine issues to be more emphasized. It is critical to evaluate the environmental plan considering the resilient city framework in order to make more accurate and effective decisions for future plans at national and local scale.