Novel miktofunctional initiator for the preparation of an ABC-type miktoarm star polymer via a combination of controlled polymerization techniques


Tunca Ü., Tunca Ü., Tunca Ü., Hızal G.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol.42, no.17, pp.4228-4236, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pola.20284
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4228-4236
  • Keywords: atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), miktoarm star polymer, ring-opening polymerization, stable free-radical polymerization, TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION, RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION, ALIPHATIC POLYESTERS, BLOCK-COPOLYMERS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

An ABC-type miktoarm star polymer was prepared with a core-out method via a combination of ring-opening polymerization (ROP), stable free-radical polymerization (SFRP), and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). First, ROP of epsilon-caprolactone was carried out with a miktofunctional initiator, 2-(2-bromo-2-methyl-propionyloxymethyl)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-propionic acid 2-phenyl-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl oxy)-ethyl ester, at 110 degreesC. Second, previously obtained poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) was used as a macroinitiator for SFRP of styrene at 125 degreesC. As a third step, this PCL-polystyrene (PSt) precursor with a bromine functionality in the core was used as a macroinitiator for ATRP of tert-butyl acrylate in the presence of Cu(I)Br and pentamethyldiethylenetriamine at 100 degreesC. This produced an ABC-type miktoarm star polymer [PCL-PSt-poly(tert-butyl acrylate)] with a controlled molecular weight and a moderate polydispersity (weight-average molecular weight/number-average molecular weight < 1.37). The obtained polymers were characterized with gel permeation chromatography and H-1 NMR. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.