Investigating the effect of roasting on functional properties of defatted hazelnut flour by response surface methodology (RSM)

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Turan D., Capanoglu E., Altay F.

LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.63, pp.758-765, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.lwt.2015.03.061
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.758-765
  • Keywords: Response surface methodology (RSM), Defatted hazelnut flour, Roasting conditions, Emulsion, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, COLOR DEVELOPMENT, OPTIMIZATION, VARIETIES, TOOL, RAW, OIL
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The effect of roasting on functional properties of defatted hazelnut flours was evaluated by using response surface methodology (RSM). Color, water absorption capacity, emulsion and foaming properties were the main responses that determine the degree of roasting. After roasting of hazelnuts, the oil absorption and water absorption capacity, foam and emulsion stability of the flour were increased, whereas bulk density, foaming capacity and emulsion activity of flours decreased. The roasting temperature was found to be the main factor affecting color development, emulsion properties and foaming capacity. The maximum responses for color, emulsion and foaming properties were obtained at 140 degrees C and 40 min from the regression equations. RSM is a useful tool which can be applied to adjust the desired functional properties of flours. The results indicated that roasted defatted hazelnut flours may have a good potential to be used as value-added food ingredients, similar to other protein sources with various functional properties for food applications due to their nutritional value and improved functionality. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.