Critique of Henri Rousseau's "The Sleeping Gypsy" (La Bohémienne Endormie)

Kubat G.

INTERNATIONAL GRADUATE RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM IGRS’22, İstanbul, Turkey, 1 - 03 June 2022, pp.238-244

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.238-244
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Henri Rousseau is one of the important representatives of naive painting, whose desire to exhibit his works, which were ridiculed for not being understood during his lifetime, could only be realized after his death. Naive painting is more than a trend, it is a style. The most distinctive feature of naive painting is its denial of the rules of perspective and its childlike expression. Henri Rousseau spent a significant part of his life as a tax collector at the gates of Paris without studying painting. Although Rousseau had never been outside of France or even Paris, he portrayed the colorful mysterious life of the exotic rainforests quite realistically in his large-scale paintings. His unwavering belief in his talents allowed the majority of his paintings to be displayed comfortably, almost every year, away from the constraints of salon exhibitions, the Hall of Independents, an alternative group by his paintings exhibited. His works were appreciated by the young painter of the period Pablo Picasso and the writer Alfred Jarry. Henry Rousseau's work "Sleeping Gypsy", painted in 1897, is considered a fantastic and mysterious painting by art critics even today