Investigation of automatic feature weighting methods (Fisher, Chi-square and Relief-F) for landslide susceptibility mapping


KUTLUG SAHIN E., İpbüker C. , Kavzoglu T.

GEOCARTO INTERNATIONAL, vol.32, no.9, pp.956-977, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10106049.2016.1170892
  • Title of Journal : GEOCARTO INTERNATIONAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.956-977

Abstract

In landslide susceptibility mapping, factor weights have been usually determined by expert judgements. A novel methodology for weighting landslide causative factors by integrating statistical feature weighting algorithms was proposed. The primary focus of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of automatic feature weighting algorithms, namely Fisher, Chi-square and Relief-F algorithms. Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method was used as a benchmark method to compare the performances of the weighting algorithms. All weighted factors were tested using factor-weighted overlay method, and quality of these maps was assessed using overall accuracy, area under the ROC curve (AUC) and success rate curve. In addition, Wilcoxon's signed-rank test was applied to evaluate statistical differences between both estimated overall accuracies and AUCs, respectively. Results showed that the weights determined by feature weighting methods outperformed the conventional AHP method by about 6% and this level of differences was found to be statistically significant.