Ambient polychlorinated biphenyl levels and their evaluation in a metropolitan city


Kuzu S. L., SARAL A., Summak G., Çoltu H., DEMİR S.

Science of the Total Environment, vol.472, pp.13-19, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 472
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.11.031
  • Journal Name: Science of the Total Environment
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.13-19
  • Keywords: Gas/particle partitioning, MLR, PCB concentrations, PSCF
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No

Abstract

In this study, summer and autumn ambient PCB concentrations were investigated in metropolitan city of Istanbul. 84 congeners were targeted from di-CBs to nona-CBs on both particle and gaseous phases. Gaseous ambient concentrations were determined to be 372±134pg·m-3, while on the particle phase this value was 49±17pg·m-3, corresponding to an average of 420pg·m-3. About one-tenth of all PCBs lay in ambient aerosols, while 90% of all comprise 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-CBs. Measured ambient concentrations of each congener group were tested against meteorological data. The di-CB concentrations were independent of ambient temperature while northerly winds lead to an increase in their concentrations, which was an indicator of considerable contribution to di-CB concentrations from the medical waste incineration plant in Istanbul. In contrast, other congeners' concentrations were found to be correlated with southerly winds. Being an inland sea and having been contaminated, for years, by industrial discharges along the coastline, volatilization from Marmara Sea was considered as the most probable source of other congeners. PSCF analysis was run with 12-hour trajectories to locate possible local sources and check these results.Gas/particle partitioning was applied using three different models. mr and br values for log PL0 model were determined as -0.23±0.09 and -3.25±0.38, respectively. For absorption based log Koa model, m and b values were calculated as 0.23±0.08 and -4.73±0.83, respectively. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.