FMCW Signal Detection and Parameter Extraction by Cross Wigner-Hough Transform

ERDOGAN A. Y., GULUM T. O., Durak-Ata L., YILDIRIM T., Pace P. E.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS, vol.53, no.1, pp.334-344, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The combination of Wigner-Ville distribution (WVD) and Hough transform (HT) has been successfully used in detection and parameter extraction of frequency modulated continuous waveform (FMCW) signals. In this paper, a combination of Cross-Wigner-Ville and HT [(CrossWigner-Hough transform (XWHT)] is proposed for detection and parameter extraction of FMCW signals with a novel methodology. The XWHT method makes use of the cross-terms created by WVD instead of trying to suppress them. Utilization of the properties of the cross-terms to detect and unveil the parameters of FMCW signals on HT space is a new approach. The performance of the method is compared with other Wigner-Hough transform-based methods in terms of transform speed, parameter extraction, and detection performance. As a result, this study proposes that the XWHT is a candidate method to be used in digital electronic support receivers' automatic signal detection and analysis capabilities due to its speed and performance.